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2000 - 2005
Stepping Forward
Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve No. 26 is located on the eastern side of beautiful Manitoulin Island and spans across both Georgian Bay and Lake Huron. We are accessible year round by paved highway with seasonal access by boat.
Translated, "Wikwemikong" means "Bay of Beavers". Known as "Mnidoo Mnissing (Spirit Island or Land of the Great Spirit)", Manitoulin Island was utilized as a stop-over in the seasonal migration route and is the ancestral home of the Odawa people.
Odawa oral tradition states that the beaver population originated in Wikwemikong (Smith) Bay and migrated across Canada. Encompassing the entire eastern peninsula of Manitoulin Island, Wikwemikong also has land holdings on the north shore near Killarney Provincial Park (Point Grondine). The total reserve area is 55,781.1 hectares.
The main settlement of the Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve is on Wikwemikong(Smith) Bay. The village of Wikwemikong is the first permanent settlement on Manitoulin Island and has a rich history and culture.
Our population consists of three different tribes, the Ojibway (Faith Keepers), Odawa (Traders) and Pottawatomi (Fire Keepers). This alliance is known as the Three Fires Confederacy.
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